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Mathematics > Standard Multiple Choice

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In the figure above, x = 60 and y = 40. If the dashed lines bisect the angles with measures of x degrees and y degrees, what is the value of z?

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First, add the labeled points A, B, C, D, E, and O to the figure, as shown above. Then segment line O B bisects angle A O C, so measure of angle A O B = measure of angle B O C, and measure of angle A O B + measure of angle B O C = x degrees = 60 degrees. Thus, measure of angle A O B = measure of angle B O C = 30 degrees. Similarly, measure of angle C O D = measure of angle D O E = 20 degrees, because angle C O D and angle D O E are of equal measure and the sum of their measures is y degrees = 40 degrees. From the figure, it follows that z degrees = measure of angle B O C + measure of angle C O D = 30 degrees + 30 degrees = 50 degrees. Therefore, z = 50.

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