SAT Skills Insight

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Reasoning and Inferencing

Skills needed to score in this band

SKILL 1: Perform clear, simple steps of reasoning

SKILL 2: Recognize a general idea, such as a paraphrase, that is supported by separate but related points in different sentences

 

  1. 1

    Perform clear, simple steps of reasoning

    Example

    This passage is from a 1998 book about animal intelligence. The author has written extensively on animal behavior.

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    Which assumption underlies the author’s discussion in lines 20–24 (“High-pitched . . . threat”)?

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  2. 2

    Recognize a general idea, such as a paraphrase, that is supported by separate but related points in different sentences

    Example

    This passage is from a 1998 book about animal intelligence. The author has written extensively on animal behavior.

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    Lines 30–32 (“If you . . . sound”) support the general point that

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Skills needed to score in the next band

As you read a text and consider the ideas in it, think about how you reach conclusions based on those ideas. Ask yourself what you can guess about the author and his or her feelings about a topic based on what is in the text: Is the author suggesting rather than stating a certain idea? Can you tell that the author is saying something or believes in something even if it is not directly stated? Can you draw your own conclusion or make a prediction based on clues in the text?

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