SAT Skills Insight

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Reasoning and Inferencing

Skills needed to score in this band

SKILL 1: Make inferences when there is no explicit reinforcement in the text or when information is missing, and use those inferences to draw further conclusions about the text

SKILL 2: Apply conclusions drawn from a text to other contexts, understanding similar or analogous situations in the process

SKILL 3: Identify an author’s unstated assumptions and draw further conclusions about the text based on these assumptions

SKILL 4: Analyze and relate multiple perspectives on similar topics across texts

SKILL 5: Compare and contrast deeply embedded details or ideas across texts

 

  1. 1

    Make inferences when there is no explicit reinforcement in the text or when information is missing, and use those inferences to draw further conclusions about the text

    Example

    These passages relate to the notorious mutiny on the British naval ship Bounty in April 1789. At the time of the mutiny, the ship had recently left Tahiti, a place perceived by Europeans as extremely remote, after a six-month visit. Mutineers sailed the Bounty back to Tahiti, leaving the captain, William Bligh, and some of his followers in a small open boat with scanty supplies. Bligh successfully navigated 4,000 miles to the nearest European settlement, and the mutiny became an international sensation.

    But why did the mutiny happen? An edited version of Bligh’s public answer appears in Passage 1. A writer of British naval history provides another answer in Passage 2.

    View Passage

    View Passage

    The “satisfaction” mentioned by Bligh in line 2 of Passage 1 is based primarily on his sense of the

    Answer Choices
  2. 2

    Apply conclusions drawn from a text to other contexts, understanding similar or analogous situations in the process

    Example

    These passages relate to the notorious mutiny on the British naval ship Bounty in April 1789. At the time of the mutiny, the ship had recently left Tahiti, a place perceived by Europeans as extremely remote, after a six-month visit. Mutineers sailed the Bounty back to Tahiti, leaving the captain, William Bligh, and some of his followers in a small open boat with scanty supplies. Bligh successfully navigated 4,000 miles to the nearest European settlement, and the mutiny became an international sensation.

    But why did the mutiny happen? An edited version of Bligh’s public answer appears in Passage 1. A writer of British naval history provides another answer in Passage 2.

    View Passage

    View Passage

    Which additional information provided by Passage 2 is most useful in evaluating the persuasiveness of the argument made in Passage 1?

    Answer Choices

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