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May
28
2015
8,792 responses
Question of the Day Statistics
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Correct 4,475
Incorrect 4,317
50% correct

Mathematics > Standard Multiple Choice

Read the following SAT test question and then click on a button to select your answer. 

Miguel is 180 centimeters tall. At 2:00 p.m. one day, his shadow is 60 centimeters long, and the shadow of a nearby fence post is t centimeters long. In terms of t, what is the height, in centimeters, of the fence post?

Answer Choices

Hint

Draw a sketch showing the positions of the sun, Miguel, and the fence post. Can you find two similar right triangles in your sketch?

Question of the Day

Can you answer today's question?

Register Next Tests:
6/6

May
28
2015
8,792 responses
Question of the Day Statistics
Number Answered
Correct 4,475
Incorrect 4,317
50% correct

Mathematics > Standard Multiple Choice

Read the following SAT test question and then click on a button to select your answer. 

Miguel is 180 centimeters tall. At 2:00 p.m. one day, his shadow is 60 centimeters long, and the shadow of a nearby fence post is t centimeters long. In terms of t, what is the height, in centimeters, of the fence post?

Answer Choices

Answer

The situation described in the question can be pictured as in the figure below, where x is the height, in centimeters, of the fence post.

Math Graphic

There are two right triangles in the figure. One triangle is formed by part of the line from the sun to point P, the perpendicular from Miguel’s head to the ground, and Miguel’s shadow along the ground. The other triangle is formed by part of the line from the sun to point P, the perpendicular from the top of the fence post to the ground, and the fence post’s shadow along the ground. Since these two right triangles share the acute angle at P, they are similar triangles. Since the corresponding sides of similar triangles are in proportion, it follows that180 over x = 60 over t. Solving this equation for x, the height, in centimeters, of the fence post, yields x = 3 times t.